Blood and Immunity

Septicemia

Septicemia

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Septicemia (alternative UK spelling Septicaemia) is a serious, potentially life-threatening blood infection in which the body’s immune system is overwhelmed by the presence of poisons in the circulatory system. These poisons are usually bacteria and/or the toxins produced by them but can occasionally be due to fungal or viral infections. The term “blood poisoning” has […]

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Venous Stasis Ulcer

Venous Stasis Ulcer

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What is Venous Stasis Ulcer? Venous stasis ulcer is a chronic condition that involves blood circulation insufficiency. Venous stasis ulcer is a localized ulceration and is also referred as varicose ulcers as it basically affects the legs or lower extremities. The condition is said to cause some amount of disability to 2 to 5% of […]

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Hyponatremia

Hyponatremia

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Hyponatremia Definition Hyponatremia is an imbalance in electrolytes, where there is low serum sodium than the normal level. Normal – 136-145 mEq/L Hyponatremia – <135 mEq/L Severe hyponatremia – <125 mEq/L It is one of the common and essential electrolyte abnormalities, which can either be present in isolation or as a resultant complication of the […]

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Thrombolysis

Thrombolysis

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What Is Thrombolysis? Thrombolysis is a process or a form of treatment with a primary goal of the dissolving blood clots that cause obstruction. This is a common form of treatment that can assist clients who are suffering from blood clots. This can also facilitate improvement of one’s blood flow. Thrombolysis Agents Thrombolysis agents are […]

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Subchorionic Hematoma

Subchorionic Hematoma

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What Is Subchorionic Hematoma? Subchorionic Hematoma is a great concern for expectant mothers. This is described as a blood clot formation found in the pregnancy membranes and the uterus. This is said to be a rare phenomenon. About 25% of pregnancies are noted to be affected of such condition. This is may be due to […]

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Hypernatremia

Hypernatremia

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Hypernatremia Definition Hypernatremia is an imbalance in electrolyte, where the sodium level gets elevated in the blood. Generally, hypernatremia do not occur due to excess sodium; instead, it is caused due to free water deficiency in the body, which causes the sodium in the body to rise. Hence, hypernatremia is a water-problem rather than sodium […]

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Hypovolemia

Hypovolemia

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Hypovolemia Definition Hypovolemia is a condition, where the blood volume decreases, otherwise a decrease in blood plasma volume occurs. Thus, it is the volume contraction’s intravascular component or blood volume loss due to haemorrhage and dehydration. Hence, sometimes, volume contraction and hypovolemia are used synonymously. Hypovolemia is represented by depletion of sodium (salt), thereby differing […]

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Hypokalemia

Hypokalemia

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Hypokalemia Definition Hypokalemia is an imbalance in metabolism, where the serum potassium (K+) concentration is low (hypo means- low, kalium- potassium, emia- in blood). Potassium amount < 2.5 mmol/L may be life-threatening, and will require urgent medical attention. Nearly 95% of the total potassium in the body is found intracellular, whereas, the remaining amount is […]

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Hyperkalemia

Hyperkalemia

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Hyperkalemia Definition Hyperkalemia is referred to as the condition, where the electrolyte “potassium” concentration gets elevated in the blood (hyper means- high, kalium- potassium, emia- in blood). Benefits of potassium Potassium is the most abundant cation inside the cell that is essential for several physiological processes. Potassium is very essential for the normal functioning of […]

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Hypervolemia

Hypervolemia

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Hypervolemia Definition Hypervolemia, also known as fluid overload, is the state wherein there is an excessive buildup of fluids in the body. The body fluids are primarily composed of sodium and water [1]. This increase in the level of body fluid, results to excessive circulating volume,  which cannot be pumped effectively by the heart causing […]

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Hyperprolactinemia

Hyperprolactinemia

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What is Hyperprolactinemia? Hyperprolactinemia is defined as a condition of elevated serum prolactin which is the most common endocrine disorder involving hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Prolactin is peptide hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland particularly of the lactotroph cells. The function is vital in the development of breast during pregnancy by stimulation of epithelial cells to […]

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Bacteremia

Bacteremia

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What is Bacteremia? Bacteremia is an infection of the blood however it should not be confused with blood poisoning. Bacteremia however is an infection which occurs before the occurrence of sepsis. However if the problem is diagnosed, with the appropriate steps, sepsis can be prevented from occurring. Bacteremia may occur in people who are young, […]

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Low Platelet Count

Low Platelet Count

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Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Platelet plays an important role in our body and is a source that contributes to the normal growth of a person. This illness is more common in our elderly. It needs immediate treatment for it can be a sign of a life-threatening problem or a fatal disease if taken for granted. […]

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High Platelet Count

High Platelet Count

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High Platelet Count Platelets are the least cell-like formations in the blood that pass through to your blood vessels of the body and are a major cause for blood clotting and plugging damaged blood vessels. This is a condition that may be caused by a variety of different illnesses. What do you mean by High […]

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Signs and Symptoms of Anemia

Signs and Symptoms of Anemia

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Signs and Symptoms of Anemia Anemia is a condition where there is a decrease in red blood cells in the body specifically the hemoglobin. The hemoglobin is the one responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body. Anemia may be due to an underlying condition that a person might have, […]

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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

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What is Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) ? Definition Disseminated vascular coagulation is also called as consumptive coagulopathy where in the blood clotting mechanism happens in response to a variety of disease. This activation is pathological because it leads to formation of small blood clots inside the blood vessels throughout the body consuming the proteins and […]

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Blood glucose (Sugar)

Blood glucose (Sugar)

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What is Blood Glucose? Blood glucose level or concentration is the quantity of a simple sugar in the bloodstream called monosaccharide. Glucose is utilized in the body for providing energy to cells. Transport of blood glucose is facilitated with the help the hormone insulin; secreted by pancreas. Insulin propels glucose into the cells of the […]

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What is Uremia?

What is Uremia?

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What is Uremia? Uremia (also called uremic syndrome) is a condition in which the urine enters the bloodstream, instead of being eliminated from the body. This occurs as a serious complication of the kidneys’ inability to excrete waste products from the body, such in the case of acute or chronic kidney disease, other forms of […]

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Hypocalcemia

Hypocalcemia

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What is Hypocalcemia? Hypocalcemia is a condition of electrolyte imbalance wherein there is decreased level of serum calcium [1]. In this state, the calcium in the blood falls below 8.5 mg/dl. The normal serum calcium is 8.5 to 10.5 mg/dl [2]. Deficiency in calcium may lead to interference to the normal functioning of the body, […]

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Broken blood vessels : Causes and what they mean

Broken blood vessels : Causes and what they mean

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What is broken vessels and how it is caused? Broken blood vessels are caused for cosmetic problems. A simple problem like bruise or bump can cause this. But before we know more about the causes and solution of the broken blood vessels, we first need to know what broken blood vessel is. Broken blood vessel […]

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Depression effects on immune system

Depression effects on immune system

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Depression is the most common psychological problem. About all human being face the problem at least once in their life time. With other side effects of depression, depression and immune system has a very close relationship. Depression is a mental state where the victim feels lonely and wants to live a life without anyone, including his family […]

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How to Lower your Blood Pressure: Simple Steps

How to Lower your Blood Pressure: Simple Steps

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Hypertension (High blood pressure) is one of the most leading causes of stroke and heart diseases. It is important that you should try to lower your high blood pressure the moment you get diagnosed with it. This condition can damage your arteries, brain, eyes, kidneys and heart. Here are some simple tips on how to […]

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Blood Type Diet: Your Diet Depends on Your Blood Group

Blood Type Diet: Your Diet Depends on Your Blood Group

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In the book, “Eat Right For Your Type’ by doctor Peter J D’Adamo, he has said that every food product is not good for every blood type. Take for instance, papaya; this is a fruit with numerous health benefits. But, when one person profits from it, the other gets stomach upset. This goes to illustrate […]

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