Menopause – a normal physiological process occurring at a certain age of every woman. Usually, the term “menopause” is used to describe the changes that occur in a woman’s body immediately before or after the cessation of menstruation, and show the end of the reproductive period of a woman’s life.
Every woman is born with a huge number of eggs that are stored in the ovaries. The ovaries also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which regulates menstruation and ovulation. Menopause occurs when the ovaries cease to produce eggs and then the menstruation ceases.
Usually menopause occurs between the ages of 40-45. Menopause, which for some reason comes to women under the age of 40 years, is called premature menopause. Natural menopause – is a complete cessation of menstruation, which cannot be resumed with medical intervention. Natural menopause is a gradual process which takes place in three stages:
- Premenopause: Premenopause begins several years before menopause when the ovaries gradually produce fewer hormones estrogen;
- Menopause: The beginnings of menopause in women are considered the last month of their reproductive life. At this stage the egg is no longer out of the ovary, and the production of ovarian hormone estrogen is significantly reduced;
- Postmenopausal Period occurs after menopause. At this stage, most women no longer feel the acute symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes. Nevertheless, the age decline in hormone estrogen in the blood increases the risk to health.
Menopausal symptoms include:
- Irregular or “jumping” monthly menstruation
- Sudden mood swings
- Fast heartbeat
- Sore joints and muscles
- Change of libido (sexual activity)
- Vaginal dryness
- Urinary Incontinence
A simple blood test can also reveal if menopause has begun or not. Some therapies are also suggested by doctors for hormone replacement or to overcome the aftereffects like bone loss.