Our human body is made of numerous cells. There is always change taking place in cell structure. Cells divide and multiply continuously. This phenomenon takes place in an orderly manner. But in certain cases the cells divide and grow in irregular manner causing cancer. Those uncontrolled cells(malignant) are found on the outer portion of skins due to over exposure to Sun. Till to date scientists have declared that Ultraviolet ray from the sun is the primary cause of skin cancer. It can be avoided taking some preventive measures. It is curable being diagnosed at an early stage.
Below ten tips are outlined to avoid skin cancer
1. Sun exposure should be reduced
Since ultraviolet ray coming from the sun is primarily responsible for uncontrolled change of cells, long exposure to sunlight should be avoided. One should be very cautious between 11A.M to 4 P.M. while moving under sun. Ultraviolet ray is strongest in this period
2. Try to shade your skin
While outside one should always seek for a shade like tree, hat or umbrella. All of them obstruct the sun light and save from its effect.. Always try to use a sunglass with ultraviolet ray protection.
3. Cover your body
While moving in sun one should always try to cover up his or her body totally by clothes which has tight weave. Sun ray can penetrate through loose weave or wet clothings.
4. Be aware of cloudy days
One should not take cloudy days lightly because 80% of sun’s ray can penetrate the light clouds, fog or mist There is every possibility of getting a sunburn in a cloudy day.
5. Reflection matter should not be ignored
80% of damaging ultraviolet ray of sun can be reflected from sand, water, snow and concrete. One should not neglect these factors.
6. Use of sun screen
One should use sun screen having ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B protection.. Sun screen should be applied for 15 to 20 minutes before going to out side. It should be reapplied every two hours during working, playing or swimming.
7. Avoid tanning salons and sun lamps
These lights emits 2to5 times more UVA and UVB in comparison to natural sunlight causing premature ageing of skin, sunburn leading to skin cancer . One should avoid that as much as possible.
8. Protect children
One should keep the baby away from direct sunlight till the age of one. Help of Sunscreen may be taken. Ultraviolet sunray has harmful effect on children.
9. Check your Moles
There should be a routine check of our moles in the body and if unnatural change is noticed we should consult the doctor immediately
10. Be aware of sun-sensitizing medications
Generally drugs for blood pressure , diabetes, birth control pills and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen make our skin sensitive towards sun light. So we should definitely ask our doctor about the side effects of medicines before use.