Treatment of TYPE 1 Diabetes

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Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

Type 1 Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus which is also referred as juvenile diabetes is usually said to be diagnosed in young adults and children. People suffering from this lack the ability to produce the hormone Insulin as a result of malfunction of Beta Cells Pancreas. Due to which there results an increased level of glucose in blood & urine. It is mostly treated by administrating insulin into the body of the patient by various means.

Injecting it directly under the skin being the most common and effective one. This aids the insulin in getting absorbed in the blood stream and reaching out to body cells that require it. However, use of insulin in form of pills would not be effective as it being a protein having 3-dimensional structure would easily be destroyed by the acids present in stomach. The digestive part of pancreas digests protein molecule even when digestive enzymes continue to be present inside the stomach. Though shots are the most extensively used method but other means of insulin administration is by use of inhalable insulin and insulin pumps.

Treatment Overview

Stabilization of Beta Cells is the key objective of treating TYPE1 diabetes which is achieved by insulin injection. However, following of a proper low calorie diet combined with regular physical exercise & medical checkups will help a sufferer from combating the malady with ease.

Treatment includes:

  • Taking one or two insulin injections on a daily basis.
  • Daily blood sugar test with help of home blood sugar testing methods & keeping a record of the same.
  • Eating healthy is necessary. It is advisable to consume three smaller meals per day at regular intervals to spread out the carbohydrate intake and prevent increased sugar levels after each meal.
  • Type 1diabetes can adversely affect eyes, heart, kidneys, nerve & blood vessels. Patients should go for a meticulous medical checkup once in every two months to screen out any imminent complications.
  • Daily exercise regime which might just include some light cardio can help keep a tab on blood sugar levels and will aid the body in utilizing the insulin efficiently. Physical work-out will also help in keeping the blood vessels & heart ailments at bay.
  • A sound sleep pattern ranging from 6-8 hours daily should be followed.
  • Smoking tends to affect the lungs & heart adversely and so is diabetes. So smoking should be avoided amongst diabetics.
  • Drinking alcohol can lead to a condition called Hypoglycemia, a condition of low blood sugar level. So if a person is already on medication and consumes alcohol then it will lead to lowering of the sugar level to an alarmingly fatal low level.

Home Treatments

It is very important for diabetics to follow some simple tips at home all by themselves to fight against the disease more effectively. All one needs to do is;

  • Check the sugar level several times during the day, especially at night. A healthy range exists betwixt 100-140 mg/dL. If it is found to be low, eat something to increase it.
  • Apart from following a proper healthy diet which spreads out the carbohydrates throughout the day, one should also learn to efficiently adjust their diet or insulin intake as in when they are sick or when they become pregnant.
  • Eating at least five different varieties of fruits or juices is highly recommended on a daily basis. Citrus fruits are very good for maintaining a healthy blood sugar level.
  • 45 minutes to an hour of brisk walking or yoga can help alleviate stress and regularize excess body weight.
  • Special care is to be given to your teeth and gums and check for infections/inflammations in the former and redness, lesions & swelling in the latter almost daily.
  • Brushing & flossing the teeth twice daily is recommended. Also one should go for dental checkups periodically.
  • Washing the feet in lukewarm water and thereafter application of a good moisturizing lotion after drying can be effective against blisters and sores.
  • Alcohol can be consumed in moderate quantities but should always be supplemented with a meal. Never drink on an empty stomach or when already having a low blood sugar level.
  • Women should restrict themselves to drinking 1 and men to 2 or fewer alcoholic drinks in a single day.
  • Always carry a badge or wear a tag identifying you as a diabetic patient.

Other Treatments:

All the aforesaid treatments cover the majority of any treatments available today. But; if the Type 1 diabetes is not treated on time it can prove fatal and can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and coma as well. DKA leads the body to produce acidic ketone bodies with simultaneous burning of fatty acids. All this can turn into complex irreversible complications. It can even lead to death due to complete lack of the body’s ability to produce insulin.

Patients with hostile conditions are subjected to either Pancreas Transplant which is usually followed after a Kidney Transplant. Still this is not so an advisable option.

Islet cell transplantation

Another treatment is the Islet cell transplantation which is more universally used throughout the world. This treatment involves the introduction of islet cells into the patient’s liver. These cells upon residing into the liver aid in production of insulin while adjusting well to the environment available to them. It might be seen that the patient’s immune system will tend to act hostile against these new implanted cells. Thus the patient will also have to undergo a side treatment of immunosuppressant to reduce their activeness of their immune system.

Lastly the emphasis should be given on prevention and understanding the symptoms at an early stage to avoid complexities later. One should be always watchful to certain tell-tale signs which if recognized early will prove to be a boon for the sufferer. Some of the indications are; persistent tiredness or fatigue, excessive passage of urine, drastic loss of weight, inexplicable increase in appetite or hunger, sleepiness, dizziness, tendency to feel like vomiting most of the times, increased pulse rate accompanied with rapid breathing, pain in stomach, undue thirst, and blurred vision are the most common signs to be looked for.

One should immediately go in for a complete checkup upon having one or more of the aforesaid symptoms.

As prevention is always better than cure!

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