Pregnancy is the process of fertilization and development of an embryo or fetus, in the uterus of a woman. Every woman has a pleasant feeling during the pregnancy period; but, when certain symptoms are taken into account, she suffers a lot. One such symptom that troubles a pregnant woman is morning sickness. Morning sickness, otherwise, called as nausea gravidarum is a condition affecting enormous pregnant women. It is experienced during the early morning hours and keeps on reducing as the day progresses. The nausea or actual vomiting can cause weight loss, dehydration, hypokalemia and alkalosis.
Morning sickness causes
- Increase in estrogen.
- Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar due to placenta’s draining energy.
- Increase in progesterone: it relaxes the uterine muscles along with intestines and stomach that lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease and excess stomach acids, thereby causing morning sickness.
- Increase in human chorionic gonadotropin: it stimulates the ovaries to secrete estrogen that in return causes nausea.
- Increased sensitivity to odors triggering nausea.
- Increased bilirubin levels: it is due to increase in the liver enzymes.
Hence, for those pregnant women who are really looking for tips and tricks on how to prevent morning sickness, these simple steps will be handy and extremely useful.
Step 1: Drink more water
Drink 8 – 9 glasses of water a day, since an upset stomach is one of the common reasons for dehydration.
To know about the benefits of drinking water in detail, view this:- Benefits and Methods of drinking more water
Step 2: Eat easily digestible foods
Starches are easy to digest so take lots of carbohydrates like potatoes, breads and pasta. Dry toast, plain biscuits and bread sticks along with small sips of cool water may be of great help.
Step 3: Avoid moving quickly
Changing your position suddenly, like getting out of bed too fast or standing up from a chair too fast, may cause nausea. So stay on your position for few minutes before waking up or standing.
Step 4: Avoid pungent smells
There are some scents and flavors, which can make you fell nausea during your pregnancy period. So avoid smelling those kinds of scents.
Step 5: Eat 5-6 meals a day
The reason for this that, when you feel hungry you also start to feel nausea; so rather than eating 3-4 large meals take 5- 6 small meals.
Step 6: Take protein rich food
Foods that are rich in proteins like dairy products, nuts and peanut butter are well-known for keeping morning sickness away.
Step 7: Have small walks daily
A little bit of exercise or a short walk daily will help you feel so better and comfortable.
Step 8: Magnetic wrist bands
Wearing magnetic wrist bands can help kick off nausea before it starts. This is a non–medicated, healthy and safe method to avoid morning sickness.
Step 9: Avoid spicy and strong odors
Make sure that you are away from the spicy and strong odors, and remember that it is not uncommon to develop odor aversion in the pregnancy period.
Step 10: Use ginger
The commonly recommended ginger products are ginger ale, ginger tea, ginger cookies and breads to aid in stomach problems and digestion.
Step 11: Have lemons and olives
Both lemons and olives produce tannins, which are chemicals that decrease saliva, as dry the mouth produces excess saliva, thereby triggering nausea. Hence, lemons and olives prevent the uneasy feeling from progressing into nausea.
Important points to make a note of:
- Immediately consult your physician if vomiting is problem and continuing for longer periods.
- Make sure that you ask your doctor before taking any medications or supplements.
- If your morning sickness still continues after your 1st trimester, and if you feel that you are losing weight, then immediately report to your doctor.
Morning sickness – a defense mechanism
- Morning sickness protects the fetus from various toxins injected by the mother, as many plants and animal products that we eat contain certain chemical toxins.
- Morning sickness also protects the mother, and hence, animal foods should be avoided as animal products hamper the immune system in pregnant women, which is already suppressed during pregnancy.
- Women who do not have a morning sickness have more chances of miscarriage.