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Hymenoplasty (Vaginoplasty)

Hymenoplasty (Vaginoplasty)

By on in Women's Health and Pregnancy

Vaginoplasty As with all things, medicine has progressed and improved over recent years to the point where there is a solution for many things that were previously considered simple facts of life. For women in particular, the list of biological and physiological complaints that, for thousands of years, women have simply had to live with […]

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Septicemia

Septicemia

By on in Blood and Immunity

Septicemia (alternative UK spelling Septicaemia) is a serious, potentially life-threatening blood infection in which the body’s immune system is overwhelmed by the presence of poisons in the circulatory system. These poisons are usually bacteria and/or the toxins produced by them but can occasionally be due to fungal or viral infections. The term “blood poisoning” has […]

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ABA Therapy

ABA Therapy

By on in Mental Health

ABA: Applied Behavioural Analysis What is ABA? ABA stands for Applied Behaviour Analysis, defined as both a science and technology vital to the improvement and growth of society. Professionals trained in ABA, study the variables that impact an individual’s behaviours to develop tailored programs and encourage the change of socially negative behaviours. An article by […]

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Asperger’s Syndrome

Asperger’s Syndrome

By on in Genetic Diseases, Mental Health

What is Asperger’s Syndrome? Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), commonly referred to as Asperger Disorder, is a lifelong, incurable developmental disorder. AS is characterised by the level of impairment of these neurological conditions: Language Social and Communication Skills Repetitive Patterns of Behaviours and Thoughts Asperger’s Syndrome History The first known description of AS was written by a […]

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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

By on in Genetic Diseases, Mental Health

What is Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Autism is a mental disorder and lifelong disability, characterised and diagnosed by differences in two main areas; social communication and patterns of behaviour (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Other Names for Autism: Autistic Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC) Classic Autism Kanner Autism Atypical Autism […]

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Anasarca

Anasarca

By on in Diseases and Conditions

Anasarca Definition By definition, Anasarca is the gross and generalized edema of the body tissues with profound subcutaneous swelling. [1]   So, what is edema? Edema is the bloating up of any body part due to accumulation of excess fluid in the body tissue. When this edema is confined to a particular part, say in a […]

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Still’s Disease

Still’s Disease

By on in Diseases and Conditions

What is Still’s Disease? Still’s disease, also known as systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is a form of arthritis named after Sir George F. Still, an English physician [1]. It occurs more commonly in children, hence the name systemic ‘juvenile’  idiopathic arthritis. Adults can also be affected, although much rarely than in children. In addition, women […]

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Wilson’s Disease

Wilson’s Disease

By on in Diseases and Conditions

What is Wilson’s Disease? First described by British neurologist, Dr. Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson in 1912, this refers to the rare genetic condition wherein there is an excessive accumulation of copper in the body. [1] Another term that is used for Wilson’s disease is hepatolenticular degeneration. [2] A patient with this condition has the inability of […]

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Flesh Eating Disease (Necrotizing Fasciitis)

Flesh Eating Disease (Necrotizing Fasciitis)

By on in Diseases and Conditions

Flesh Eating Disease Misnomer Flesh eating disease is a misnomer because the bacteria that cause this condition do not really consume tissues. The bacteria are responsible for the damage of muscle and toxins by releasing the toxins, which are much like streptococcal pyogenic exotoxins. These pyogenes are responsible for manufacturing exotoxin identified as super antigen. […]

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Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s Disease

By on in Diseases and Conditions

What is Crohn’s Disease? Alternative names of this disease include Crohn syndrome, regional enteritis, ileitis, and granulomatous ileocolitis [1]. It is a type of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) causing prolonged inflammation in the linings of the intestinal tract [2]. It most commonly affects the ileum, but can occur anywhere from the mouth to the end […]

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Hodgkin’s Disease

Hodgkin’s Disease

By on in Cancer

Hodgkin’s Disease Definition Hodgkin’s disease, also referred to as Hodgkin’s lymphoma, is a form of lymphatic cancer that is part a of the body’s immune system. [1] In Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the cells may grow abnormally and spread to the lymphatic system. As the disease progresses, it fights the body’s ability to fight against any type […]

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Chagas Disease

Chagas Disease

By on in Diseases and Conditions

What is Chagas Disease ? Also called American Trypanosomiasis,[4] is an inflammatory, infectious parasitic disease affecting cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and nervous system of humans and other mammals. This disease can affect everyone but mostly diagnose among children. It is endemic in South America, Central America, and Europe. It is potentially life threatening disease if not treat can […]

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Eclampsia

Eclampsia

By on in Women's Health and Pregnancy

What is Eclampsia? Eclampsia is a complication of preeclampsia among pregnant women which is characterized by abrupt tonic-clonic seizures and coma that are not associated with any other disorder. Preeclampsia vs. Eclampsia If you are going to think of preeclampsia and eclampsia as a movie, think of it as Preeclampsia (Part I) and Eclampsia (Part […]

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Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease

By on in Diseases and Conditions

Alzheimer’s Definition Alzheimer’s Disease named after Aloysius Alzheimer in 1906, a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist. It is a progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental actions. In this disease the connections between the brain cells and the brain cells itself degenerates and die thus creating a decline in memory and mental actions. It […]

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Garcinia Cambogia

Garcinia Cambogia

By on in Alternative Medicine

What is Garcinia Cambogia ? Have you ever heard of this Asian/Indian/African plant? Its other names that might ring a bell to you are gambooge/gamboge, Garcinia gummi-gutta, brindle/brindall berry, gorikapuli, assam fruit, Malabar tamarind, uppagi, and mangosteen. If you have come across this fruit, then you must be searching for a solution for losing your […]

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Abortion

Abortion

By on in Women's Health and Pregnancy

Abortion Definition From the Latin word “aboriri” which means “to perish” [1], abortion refers to discontinuation of pregnancy by withdrawing the embryo or fetus from its mother’s uterus before the age of viability (around 24 weeks of gestation). Facts, Statistics, and Incidence Rates Half of all pregnancies are unplanned. [2] 4 out of 10 unwanted pregnancies are […]

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Kawasaki Disease

Kawasaki Disease

By on in Diseases and Conditions

What is Kawasaki Disease? Kawasaki Disease is an autoimmune disorder wherein the sufferer’s blood vessels are inflamed. This condition is rare but it mostly affects infants and children. Since the inflammation of blood vessels occurs all throughout the body, not only one organ system is affected. The main problem is the cardiovascular system since the […]

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Ludwig’s Angina

Ludwig’s Angina

By on in Ear, Nose and Throat

What is Ludwig’s Angina Ludwig’s angina is defined as an infection occurring at the floor of the mouth. The exact location of this condition is beneath the tongue and is mainly due to bacterial infection. In other words, it is basically a severe inflammatory condition of the glands located under the jaw. Some experts call […]

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Lipoma

Lipoma

By on in Diseases and Conditions

Lipoma Definition Lipoma is a growth of a “small ball” typically found underneath the skin composed of fatty lumps or mass of tissues. This is the most common benign soft tissue neoplasm (“new growth”) [1]. Types of Lipoma Angiolipoleiomyoma This is a solitary, asymptomatic, benign lump made up of fatty tissue, smooth muscle cells, connective tissue, […]

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Pyuria

Pyuria

By on in Diseases and Conditions

Pyuria Definition By its name, “Pyuria” literally means urine with pus. It is clinically defined as the presence of 6-10 or more neutrophils per high power field of voided urine caught midstream. Pyuria is not a disease in its own sense. It is not a valid medical diagnosis which a layman may believe it to be. […]

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