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Side effects of Antibiotics

Adverse reactions to antibiotics may vary from person to person, and the same adverse reactions in different cases may be different in strength. Here are some commonly found adverse reactions associated with antibiotics.

Side effects of antibiotics in women

There are some negative side effects of antibiotics, especially in case of consumption by women. After the antibiotics are ingested, a number of bacteria which crop up naturally are destroyed. This permits other germs to nurture which would not have happened otherwise. Thus a yeast infection takes place because the naturally inhabited bacteria are no longer present. These infections are known as ‘opportunistic infections’.

Antibiotics

Antibiotics
source: Livestrong.com

Side effects of antibiotics in children

Adverse effects of antibiotics in children are not countless but if there is a misuse, they can be quite harmful. The most frequent misuse is done for kids with ear infections. They are given antibiotics which kill the bacteria, but unfortunately they also exterminate affable bacteria called the flora which inhabits the child’s intestines. When they are eliminated, there is repeated passing of loose motion. It has also been noticed that kids who intake a lot of antibiotics in their initial six months, are more prone to allergies later.

Antibiotics in children
Picture of doctor treating a child
source: cleveland.com

Side effects of some common antibiotics

Disorders of the digestive system in the form of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation occur when there’s the drugs are used in excess. The use of these drugs is mostly connected with irritation of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract. Typically, nausea, vomiting or abdominal discomfort occurs immediately after taking the antibiotic and pass as drug absorption in the intestine. Removal of nausea or vomiting, can be achieved by converting the tablets to injections, or have antibiotics after meals (food protects the mucous membranes of the digestive tract by direct contact with antibiotics).

Allergic reactions can occur due to antibiotics, since they are a foreign substance to our body. Allergy to antibiotics is one of the types of drug allergy. In some cases drug allergy can have a severe effect and endanger the patient’s health. Such forms of allergy are anaphylactic shock (generalized allergic reaction), Stephen Jones syndrome (necrosis of the upper layers of the skin), and hemolytic anemia.

The greatest risk is found to be of the liver and kidney. It’s observed while using large doses of antibiotics in patients with pre-existing diseases of these organs like – pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis and hepatitis. The defect of the liver shows the appearance of jaundice, fever, discoloration of feces and dark urine.

Side effects of Amoxicillin

Some negative effects of common antibiotics like amoxicillin are seizure, anxiety, bleeding diarrhea, jaundice. You can even have allergic reactions like rash, hives, itching and wheezing.

Side effects of AmoxicillinPicture of Rash (One of the side effects of Amoxicillin)
source: wikipedia.com

Side effects of Penicillin

Adverse effects of antibiotics like penicillin are in plenty. They can come in the form of allergies and the most severe allergic reaction is anaphylaxis which can cause rashes, trouble in breathing, shock and even coma. If something like this happens, do not think but stop the medicine and go to a hospital right away. On very exceptional cases, negative effects of penicillin intake can be rigorous abdominal or belly contractions, inflation and bloody diarrhea. Sometimes it might also cause fever, vomiting and nausea, weight loss etc.

Side effects of Doxycycline

The side effects of doxycycline are queasiness in the stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, digestive disorders and heartburn. There might also be loss of appetite and skin reaction to sun rays.

Side effects of Ciprofloxacin

The adverse effects of this antibiotic are quite similar to the ones given above. It causes mild tummy trouble, even diarrhea, puking, bellyache, headache and agitation.

Side effects of Ciprofloxacin
Picture of headache (side effect of Ciprofloxacin)
source: sideeffects.org

Cephalexine side effects

Some negative effects of this antibiotic can show severe complications. They can cause severe diarrhea, hives, and rashes. They can also cause wheezing, trouble in swallowing and inflammation in the throat.

Hence, we can witness that there might be a lot many negative effects of antibiotics but the bottom-line is that they do assist us humans to triumph over our health battles.

References

Wikimedia.com

Sideeffects.org

Cleveland.com

Livestrong.com



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