High Platelet Count


High Platelet Count

Platelets are the least cell-like formations in the blood that pass through to your blood vessels of the body and are a major cause for blood clotting and plugging damaged blood vessels. This is a condition that may be caused by a variety of different illnesses.

What do you mean by High Platelet?

The term platelets (thrombocytes) comes from the Greek word θρόμβος which means clot and κύτος meaning cell, that leads to the formation of blood clots wherein high platelet was said to be a condition in which the blood contains more platelets than normal. In other words, a person who has a splenectomy will have a temporary increase in platelets. Also known as thrombocytosis and is usually around 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per micro liter of blood present in a healthy individual’s body.

When deciding on the procedures of treating high platelet, listed below are the following factors to reduce the risk of potential complications oh having this condition including:

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Some thrombotic events
  • Drug tolerance

Approximately about 136,000 persons are suffering this condition for the past year worldwide and frequently prone to both men and women specifically to older group.

This certain condition may be suitably separated into two (2) categories. The following are as follows:

Primary Thrombocytosis

  • Typically, this type occurs as an independent condition which is commonly diagnosed at the age of sixty (60), predominantly in women.
  • A situation wherein platelets are necessary for blood clotting.
  • There is a hormonal imbalance that is resulting in irregularly formed platelets.

Reactive Thrombocytosis

  • Usually occurs as a symptom of another disease or condition, such as anemia, infection or cancer and etc.
  • Overproduction of platelets in the bone marrow in the deficiency of different cause
  • The bone marrow is producing more platelets than what is required by the body.
  • This could also lead to risky and more severe clotting.

The possible bases that lead to this situation are listed below. Let’s mention a few:

  • Post Surgical Trauma
  • Infection
  • Medication
  • Disorders/ Absence of the Spleen – when not functioning properly may lead to elevation of platelet in the body.


The following signs and symptoms may differ from one patient to the other. Let’s mention a few:

  • Tingling and Burning
  • Vision Problems
  • Headaches
  • Cold sensation
  • Nose bleeds
  • Heart Attack
  • Stroke
  • Fainting
  • Chest pain
  • Bruising
  • Skin Problems
  • Increased blood clots in arteries and veins
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Weakness
  • Bloody stool
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Weight Loss
  • Mildly enlarged spleen
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Seizures

An individual should seek urgent medical aid when he/ she has experienced the following:

  • Shortness of Breath
  • Slurred speech
  • Constant headache
  • Loss of Consciousness
"High Platelet Count Smear"
Picture : Slide showing High Platelet Count


There are specific problems in various parts of our body that may include high platelet. Some of the most common causes are:

  • Cancer
  • Infections
  • Inflammatory disorders
  • Blood loss
  • Leukemia
  • Brain damage
  • Surgery (which leads to an inflammatory state)
  • Anemia
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Chemotherapy
  • Excessive exercise
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Vitamin E defieciency
  • Asplenia (absence of normal spleen function)
  • Hemorrhage and/or iron deficiency
  • Other inflammatory diseases


If an individual has a medical problem particularly having high platelet the following are the effective means of solving this particular condition. This treatment depends on your risk of blood-clotting or bleeding episodes and the severity of the signs and symptoms of the disease as well as occurrence of its underlying medical disease, disorder or condition.

The following are as follows:

  1. You should consult your doctor about available treatments that may be appropriate for you for this kind of medical situation depending on the underlying symptoms you experienced. Your doctor will observe and monitor your condition.
  2. Lowering certain medication such as aspirin – Given to reduce the risk of blood clotting and helps in the relief of the burning sensation experiencing by the affected person.
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Plateletpheresis – a procedure to remove extra platelets from the blood
  5. Exercise Regularly – (sauna, walking, dancing, etc.) – Exercise for at least thirty (30) minutes everyday for sweating reducing the platelet in the body.
  6. Regular checkups
  7. Healthy Lifestyle Habits
  8. No smoking – Smoking affects blood clotting and circulation.
  9. Eat high-fiber diet – Good sources of soluble fiber and protein foods such as eggs, broiled white fish, and etc. may reduce high platelet and other health complications.
  10. Achieve or maintain normal weight – Helps in decreasing your risk of blood clotting.
  11. Taking OTC over –the counter drugs such as anagrelide, hydroxyurea, interferon is another option to lower the platelet count.
  12. Surgery (rare)

Also see – Low Platelet Count


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